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Beer Education

Beer & Food Pairing

There are many requests for proper beer and food pairing techniques, which can be very detailed. Our dear friends at the Brewers Association have successfuly perfected these techniques and have provided an extensive guide that we welcome you to view by visiting the link below.

Brewers Association Beer & Food Pairing Chart

Beer Style Guide

- Altbier: Altbiers are nicely balanced beers, ranging in color from a light copper to a dark brown. Pioneered and native to Dusseldorf, Germany, it is the German equivalent of a traditional English ale. Popular examples: Long Trail Double Bag, Otter Creek Copper Ale, Southampton Altbier.

- American Adjunct Lager: The standard of what people think of when they think of beer. Light gold for the most part with a lot of carbonation. Can range in flavor from dry and grassy to sweet with hints of corn. Hops usually are not overpowering. Popular examples: Budweiser, Corona Extra, Miller High Life, Pabst Blue Ribbon.

- American Amber Ale: Ambers are a complicated style. They are so diverse, and can vary in flavor from mild and caramelly to having a rather pronounced hop characteristic. Usually are more dark malt based and for the most part have less hops than a Pale Ale. Popular examples: Bear Republic Red Rocket Ale, Budweiser American Ale, Ithaca Cascazilla, Mendocino Red Tail Ale.

- American Amber Lager: A bit more malty and less bitter than American Amber Ales, while being a bit heavier as well. Popular examples: Brooklyn Lager, Dundee Honey Brown Lager, Killian's Irish Red, Yuengling Traditional Lager.

- American Barleywine: Thick and heavy beers with incredibly complex flavors that can range from exceedingly sweet and malty to intensely hoppy. Thick on the palate and very alcoholic, usually ranging between 8.0% and 15.0% ABV. American Barleywines tend to be more heavily hopped than English Barleywines. Popular examples: Great Divide Old Ruffian, Sierra Nevada Bigfoot [Seasonal], Southern Tier Backburner, Victory Old Horizontal [Seasonal].

- American Blonde Ale: Lighter in color and body. Many are all malt with just a light hop bitterness. They have an average alcohol content and are very light and refreshing. Popular examples: Beach Bum Blonde Ale [Seasonal], Molson Golden, Shipyard Export Ale.

- American Brown Ale: Similar to the English Brown Ale but use strictly American grown ingredients. Some also incorporate coffee and nut flavors. Popular examples: Brooklyn Brown Ale, Dogfish Head Indian Brown Ale, He'Brew Messiah Bold, Rogue Hazelnut Brown Nectar.

- American Imperial Stout: Extremely dark and thick much moreso than standard Stouts or Russian Imperial Stouts. Often are dark brown to pitch black. Heavy roasted flavors with a medium bitterness from the roasted malts. Heavy in alcohol; usually in excess of 8.0% ABV. Popular examples: Goose Island Bourbon County Stout [Seasonal], Southern Tier Choklat [Seasonal], Stoudt's Fat Dog Stout.

- American IPA: Much more hopped than the English IPA (India Pale Ale). Tend to have more citrus and herbal notes and use predominantly American grown hops. Very high bitterness with a mild malt backbone. Popular examples: Dogfish Head 60 Minute IPA, Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale [Seasonal], Stone IPA, Victory HopDevil.

- American Pale Ale: American version of a traditional British style. Less hoppy than an American IPA. For the most part have a nice balance of hops and malt. Some can have slightly fruity flavors as well with a more floral than bitter taste. Popular examples: Great Lakes Burning River, Sierra Nevada Pale Ale, Southern Tier Phin & Matt's Extraordinary Ale.

- American Pale Lager: Tend to be all malt for the most part. Still yellow and fizzy like American Adjunct Lagers, but brewed without ingredients such as rice or corn. Very well balanced with more depth in flavor than Adjunct Lagers. Popular examples: Kingfisher Lager, Kona Longboard Lager, Michelob, Moosehead.

- American Pale Wheat Ale: Similar to a true German style Hefeweizen, but lighter in color and body. Sometimes filtered to produce a more clear beer. Very high carbonation with very light notes of banana and cloves. Sometimes fruit can be added to enhance the wheat flavor. Popular examples: Goose Island 312 Urban Wheat, Harpoon UFO Hefeweizen, Magic Hat Circus Boy, Sam Adams Summer Ale [Seasonal].

- American Porter: Different from an English Porter in that American Porters will add a variety of different ingredients. Some use smoked malts, some add coffee or chocolate and some even are aged in bourbon barrels. This is all done to enhance the natural roasted flavor. Bitterness can very drastically in intensity. Popular examples: Anchor Porter, Great Lakes Edmund Fitzgerald, Rogue Mocha Porter, Smuttynose Robust Porter.

- American Stout: Similar to the American Porter in that it takes the traditional English and Irish Stout and changes it slightly. Sometimes coffee and chocolate can be added to enhance the normal roasted flavor. Popular examples: Dieu du Ciel Aphrodite, Lost Coast 8 Ball Stout, Rogue Chocolate Stout.

- American Strong Ale: A catch all style that refers to the stronger and heavier beers that are brewed by American microbrewers. One of their distinguinshing characteristics is a very intense amount of hops and malts. Alcohol usually is rather high, 7% ABV and above. Popular examples: Arrogant Bastard Ale, Dogfish Head Immort Ale [Seasonal], Great Lakes Nosferatu [Seasonal], Mendocino Eye of the Hawk.

- American Wild Ale: Belgian style beers that introduce different strains of "wild" yeast into them. These strains can include Brettanomyces, Pediococcus or Lactobacillus. These yeast strains can add different flavors to the beer, many of which can be seen as undesirable. They can include sour, tart and funky hints. Popular examples: Jolly Pumpkin La Roja [Seasonal], Ommegang Ommegeddon.

- Baltic Porter: Descended from the Baltic nations of Northern Europe, Baltic Porters are rather strong porters. Dark black in color, they aren't as roasty as some stouts. They do have a very intense malt flavor and a higher alcohol content, typically between 7.0% and 9.5% ABV. Popular examples: Baltika 6, Flying Dog Gonzo, Okocim Porter, Zywiec Porter.

- Belgian Dark Ale: The darker of the two styles of Belgian Ales, colors can range from amber down to a dark brown. The traditional Belgian yeast and spice aroma is present and are much maltier than the paler Belgians. Flavors are usually a bit more on the fruity and malty side. Popular examples: Bink Bruin, Ithaca Cold Front [Seasonal], Ommegang Rare Vos.

- Belgian IPA: A combination of Belgian Ales and American IPAs. Can range from very heavily hopped with a very light hint of Belgian yeast and spice to much more balanced. Often considered to be too hoppy by Belgian standards. Popular examples: Flying Dog Raging Bitch, Great Divide Belgica, Stone Cali-Belgique.

- Belgian Pale Ale: Lighter in color and body than Belgian Dark Ales but more spiced and yeasty than other Pale Ales. Many will have a floral and natural spiced flavor from the yeast while others are spiced a bit more heavily. Popular examples: Leffe Blond, Orval, Smuttynose Star Island Single.

- Belgian Strong Dark Ale: A much stronger example of Belgian Dark Ales. Still retain the dark and malty characteristics and can be very fruity with deceptively hidden alcohol contents. Can range from 7% to 15% ABV. Popular examples: Avery The Beast, Chimay Blue, Dogfish Head Raison D'etre, Unibroue Maudite.

- Belgian Strong Pale Ale: Stronger version of Belgian Pale Ales. More fruity than Belgian Strong Dark Ales, but can be a little more hoppy, but not as hoppy as India Pale Ales. Lots of spice and a well hidden alcohol profile. Popular examples: Delirium Tremens, Duvel, Hitachino Nest Red Rice Ale.

- Berliner Weisse: A wheat based beer originating in Germany. Differ from other wheat beers in that they are lower in alcohol, usually under 5.0% and have a very strong sour and tart taste. Many times they are blended with sweet fruit syrups to cut the bitterness. Popular examples: Bayerischer Berliner Weisse, Dogfish Head Festina Pêche [Seasonal].

- Bière de Champagne/Bière Brut: A blend of French and Belgian styles, many are initially brewed in Belgium and finished in the same way that French champagne is, that is removing of the yeast unlike many other Belgian beers. Highly carbonated and very light with lots of fruit and spice notes. Often very high in alcohol, usually over 10% ABV. Popular examples: Deus Brut des Flandres.

- Bière de Garde: A medium bodied beer that tends to run more sweet and malty in taste than bitter and hoppy. Often will have rather earthy and dry notes that improve and develop more with age. Popular examples: Flying Dog Garde Dog [Seasonal], Ommegang Bière de Mars, Southampton Biere De Mars, Thiriez Amber.

- Bitter: A traditional English style, Bitters usually run gold to copper in color with a mild to slight hop bitterness, as opposed to what their name may indicate. Low in carbonation, they tend to have a smooth and sweet malty flavor. Popular examples: Coniston Bluebird Bitter, Goose Island Honkers Ale, Ruddles County, Wells Bombardier.

- Black & Tan: A pre-packaged blend of two beers, a dark ale and a lighter ale or lager. Many are darker in color with more dark and malty characteristics for the most part. Popular examples: Mendocino Black Eye Ale, Saranac Black & Tan, Yuengling Black & Tan.

- Bock: Generally stronger than typical lagers, tend to run on the darker side in color and have a more robust malt taste. Very lightly hopped. Popular examples: Einbecker Ur-Bock, Leinenkugel's 1888 Bock [Seasonal], Michelob Amber Bock.

- Braggot: Made by blending mead (honey wine) and beer and adding spices. Popular examples: Widmer Brothers Reserve Prickly Pear Braggot [Seasonal].

- California Common: Historically a California based brew where brewers had to ferment them at warmer temperatures. Also referred to as Steam Beers, though Anchor Steam Beer can be the only one legally called a Steam Beer. All others must be referred to as California Common. Very well rounded with a pleasant balance of hops and malts. Popular examples: Anchor Steam Beer.

- Chile Beer: Lighter ales or lagers brewed either using various breeds of hot pepper juices, oils or the actual peppers in the beer. Can have a mild hint of pepper flavor or can be very spicy. Popular examples: Cave Creek Chili Beer [Seasonal], Horseheads Hot-Jala-Heim, Rogue Chipotle Ale.

- Cider: Malt based beverages fermented with apples. Can range from dry and tart to sweet and fruity. Popular examples: Doc's, Hornsby's, Strongbow, Woodchuck.

- Cream Ale: Mild and pale, Cream Ales are made by blending top and bottom fermenting yeasts. Low bitterness with a mild hop profile. Popular examples: Genesee Cream Ale, Wexford Irish Cream Ale.

- Czech Pilsener: Different from German Pilseners by the generous use of the Saaz hop variety. Czech Pilseners have a very heavy malt flavor in addition to its hop profile. Usually medium bodied and rather carbonated. Popular examples: Czechvar, Pilsner Urquell, Staropramen.

- Doppelbock: "Double bock." These beers are heavier than the standard Bock, but not double the alcohol. Ranging more toward dark caramel in color with a very pronounced malt flavor. Popular examples: Ayinger Celebrator, Paulaner Salvator, Spaten Optimator, Sam Adams Imperial Double Bock.

- Dortmunder: Hailing from Dortmund, Germany. Very clean flavor with bready hints and a flavor similar to a Pilsener. Very closely related to Helles lagers. Popular examples: Baltika 7, DAB, Great Lakes Dortmunder Gold.

- Double IPA: Heavier and more intensely hopped than the standard IPA. The balance of flavors leans more toward hops than evenly balanced. Some can be rather sweet and floral with heavy citrus notes. Popular examples: Dogfish Head 90 Minute IPA, Lagunitas Hop Stoopid, Southern Tier Un*Earthly, Stone Ruination IPA.

- Double Pilsner: A stronger version of the Czech or German Pilsener. Can be heavily hopped but most tend to be very malty and spicy. Popular examples: Harpoon Leviathan Big Bohemian Pils [Seasonal], Heavy Seas Small Craft Warning [Seasonal], Rogue Morimoto Imperial Pilsner [Seasonal].

- Dubbel: Dubbels tend to be darker and maltier beers, with a very distinctive yeasty flavor. They are usually a cloudy brown color with a complex and fruity palate. Typically run between 6.5% and 8.0% ABV. Popular examples: Chimay Red, Ommegang Abbey Ale, Westmalle Dubbel.

- Dunkel: Style that was pioneered in Munich. Darker in color with a rather prominent malt flavor. Bitterness can be moderate however. Full-bodied due to the large amount of malts used. Popular examples: Beck's Dark, Negra Modelo, St. Pauli Girl Dark.

- Dunkelweizen: A dark wheat beer. Have the same flavors of banana and clove as regular German Hefeweizens, but have a more earthy and roasty flavor due to the addition of dark malts. Popular examples: Ayinger Ur-Weisse, Franziskaner Hefe-Weissbier Dunkel, Julius Echter Hefe-Weissbier Dunkel.

- Eisbock: One of the stronger styles of beer out there, they are typically made by brewing a Doppelbock, freezing it, and removing the ice to concentrate the alcohol content. Popular examples: EKU 28, Kulmbacher Eisbock, Schneider Aventinus Weizen-Eisbock.

- Engish Barleywine: Differ from American Barleywines in that instead of being heavily hopped, they tend to have a more balanced malt and hop flavor. Often are very sweet with the same high alcohol content. Popular examples: Brooklyn Monster Ale [Seasonal], Flying Dog Horn Dog, J.W. Lee's Harvest Ale, Weyerbacher Blithering Idiot.

- English Brown Ale: Similar to Mild Ales, English Brown Ales are very sweet and malty. Red to dark brown in color, they can often have nutty characteristics. Very lightly hopped. Popular examples: Abita Turbodog, Newcastle Brown Ale, Samuel Smith's Nut Brown Ale.

- English Dark Mild Ale: The mild in the name refers to the lack of hop flavor and aroma. Mild Ales are traditionally malty and very smooth, usually dark brown with little carbonation. Popular examples: Moorehouse's Black Cat.

- English IPA: Historically brewed in England for carrying on ships on long voyages. Essentially a maltier, higher alcohol and more heavily hopped Pale Ale. Differ from American IPAs in that they tend to be more balanced between the malt and hops than overly hoppy and bitter. Popular examples: Brooklyn East India Pale Ale, Goose Island IPA, Samuel Smith's India Ale.

- English Pale Ale: Golden to copper in color with an apparent hop profile but, unlike American Pale Ales, there is a stronger malt flavor. Popular examples: Bass Pale Ale, Fuller's London Pride, Old Speckled Hen, Saranac Pale Ale.

- English Porter: Dark brown in color but usually without the heavily roasted notes of American Porters. Brewed with pale malts and only rarely add more hops or roasted malts. Dark tasting and often a little sweet and fruity. Popular examples: Flag Porter, Fuller's London Porter, Samuel Smith's Taddy Porter.

- English Stout: Darker and more roasty than an English Porter. Can be lightly to heavily hopped, but the necessary characteristic is a heavy roasted flavor. Ranges from chocolate down to burnt coffee flavors. Popular examples: Belhaven Scottish Stout, Hook Norton Double Stout, Ridgeway Bad King John.

- English Strong Ale: Stronger and maltier than English Pale Ales. Sometimes are aged beers with additional notes of dark fruits and a lot of malt. Alcohol can be very apparent. Popular examples: Geary's Hampshire Special Ale [Seasonal], Samuel Smith's Yorkshire Stingo [Seasonal].

- Euro Dark Lager: Tend to be copper or dark brown in color, with a sweet and sometimes nutty malt flavor. Medium bitterness but very little fruity or sour notes. Popular examples: Baltika 4, Heineken Dark, McSorley's Irish Black Lager.

- Euro Pale Lager: Lighter lagers with a rather prominent hop profile yet backed up with a nice malt backbone. Mostly brewed in European countries outside of Germany. Similar to the Helles Lager. Popular examples: Birra Moretti, Harp Lager, Heineken.

- Euro Strong Lager: Predominantly found in Eastern Europe, these beers are basically strong versions of Pilseners. More malt is added to cut back on the hoppy bitterness but still have a mild hop taste. Popular examples: Baltika 9, Carlsberg Elephant, Hevelius Kaper, Warka Strong.

- Extra Special Bitter: Also known as an ESB. Unlike Bitters, ESBs tend to actually be more bitter. They have the same smooth malt and yeast body but can run from slightly to moderately bitter. Popular examples: Fuller's ESB, Redhook ESB, Ringwood Old Thumper, Southern Tier Harvest Ale [Seasonal].

- Flanders Oud Bruin: Copper to dark brown in color. Can be mildly fruity or slightly bitter. Most have a sour and tart flavor, but some can be sweet and spicy. Popular examples: Petrus Aged Pale, Petrus Oud Bruin.

- Flanders Red Ale: Similar to Oud Bruins but tend to be more red and copper in color and have strictly a vinegary, sour and/or tart and fruity flavor. Popular examples: Duchesse De Bourgogne [Seasonal], Ichtegem's Grand Cru [Seasonal].

- Foreign Stout: It is the midway point between a standard Stout and an Imperial Stout. More hopped than regular Stouts but a lot less robust and roasty than Imperial Stouts. Alcohol ranges from 6.0% to 8.0% ABV on average. Popular examples: Cooper's Best Extra Stout, Dragon Stout, Lion Stout.

- Fruit Beer: Just as the name indicates, these are any beers made using fruit or vegetables. Flavors and alcohol will vary with what fruit or vegetable is used. Popular examples: Abita Purple Haze, Magic Hat #9, Sam Adams Cherry Wheat, Wells Banana Bread Beer.

- Fruit Lambic: Lambics are a Belgian style of beer made with stale hops, wild yeasts, and, in this case, fruits. Often very sweet and candy-like depending on the fruit used. Popular examples: Lindeman's Framboise, Lindeman's Cassis, Lindeman's Pomme.

- German Pilsener: Similar to Czech Pilseners but with more hops and less malt. Often are much more dry. Popular examples: Beck's, St. Pauli Girl, Victory Prima Pils, Warsteiner Premium Verum.

- Gueuze: A blend of old and new lambics, Gueuzes tend to have a very bubbly and dry taste. Almost champange-like in flavor. Some can be sour and tart. Popular examples: Drie Fonteinen Oude Gueueze, Lindeman's Gueuze Cuvée René.

- Hefeweizen: Style pioneered in Germany. Easily recognized by its cloudy gold color, thick and frothy head and aroma of bananas and cloves. Popular examples: Ayinger Bräu-Weisse, Franziskaner Hefe-Weissbier, Schneider Weisse.

- Helles Bock: The lighter version of the Bock. Helles Bocks tend to be dark gold in color with a well-balanced malt flavor. Some can be a bit more hoppy than others, but for the most part there is a subdued hop flavor. Popular examples: Einbecker Mai-Ur-Bock, Rogue Dead Guy Ale, Sierra Nevada Glissade [Seasonal].

- Helles: Similar to the Dortmunder but hail from Bavaria. Golden and crisp, they often have more of a spicy hop flavor akin to a Czech Pilsener with a smooth malt balance. Popular examples: Mythos, Paulaner Original, Weihenstephaner Original.

- Herbed/Spiced Beer: Beers made using a variety of spices or herbs, most commonly things like cinnamon, nutmeg and cloves. Popular examples: Bud Light Golden Wheat, Dogfish Head Midas Touch Golden Elixer, Rogue Juniper Pale Ale.

- Irish Dry Stout: Can be rather roasty with a very mild hop profile. More often than not, they are lighter in body. Often served via nitrogen, a la Guinness. Popular examples: Guinness Draught, Murphy's Irish Stout, O'Hara's Irish Stout.

- Irish Red Ale: Very gentle and mild in flavor with a pronounced malt and caramel flavor. Hops are limited, and alcohol is usually 5.0% ABV or below. Popular examples: Great Lakes Conway's Irish Ale [Seasonal], Murphy's Irish Red, Sam Adams Irish Red, Smithwick's.

- Japanese Rice Lager: Similar to American Adjunct Lagers, but use a substantial portion of rice. Pale gold with that traditional "beer" appearance and taste. Popular examples: Asahi Super Dry, Kirin Ichiban, Sapporo Premium Draft.

- Keller Bier: Unfiltered lager style, Keller Biers are a smooth and easy drinking lager with a nice balance but leaning more towards the hoppy side. Popular examples: St. Georgen Bräu Keller Bier.

- Kölsch: Style native originally to Cologne, Germany. Light in body but with a medium bitterness, Kölschs are refreshing and very carbonated. Popular examples: Flying Dog Tire Bite, Gaffel Kölsch, Reissdorf Kölsch.

- Kristalweizen: Similar to the Hefeweizen, but Kristalweizens have been filtered, leaving a clear appearance but the same yeast, clove, and banana tastes. Popular examples: Weihenstephaner Kristallweissbier.

- Light Lager: As the name implies, they are lighter versions of premium lagers. Typically lower in alcohol, carbs and calories. Popular examples: Bud Light, Coors Light, Genny Light, Miller Lite.

- Low Alcohol Beer: What we consider to be non-alcoholic or NA beers. Traditionally under 1% ABV, but usually below 0.5% ABV. Popular examples: Baltika 0, Buckler, Kaliber, O'Doul's.

- Malt Liquor: Strong and very alcoholic-tasting. Very sweet and loaded with malt. Typically come in 40 ounce bottles. Popular examples: Colt 45, Molson XXX, Olde English 800, Steel Reserve.

- Milk/Sweet Stout: Essentially stouts that have had extra sugars added to them to give them a bit more body and sweetness. Milk Stouts will have lactose added. Popular examples: Left Hand Milk Stout, St. Peter's Cream Stout, Young's Double Chocolate Stout.

- Oatmeal Stout: Full-bodied stouts that have oats added. The oats give a bit more sweetness and a much smoother mouthfeel to the stout. Popular examples: Rogue Shakespeare Stout, Samuel Smith's Oatmeal Stout, St. Ambroise Oatmeal Stout.

- Oktoberfest/Märzen: Copper in color for the most part with a smooth and well-balanced malt flavor with a light hoppy touch. Very smooth to drink, and their flavor is one many people can enjoy. Popular examples: Beck's Oktoberfest [Seasonal], Paulaner Oktoberfest [Seasonal], Sam Adams Oktoberfest [Seasonal], Saranac Oktoberfest [Seasonal].

- Old Ale: Dark copper to black and color, Old Ales have a deep malt and dark fruit flavor. Often are very earthy and dry with caramel sweetness. Popular examples: Harviestoun Old Engine Oil, North Coast Old Stock Ale, Olde Suffolk English Ale.

- Pumpkin Ale: Typically a fall seasonal. These beers have the addition of pumpkin and various spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg and allspice to give them a flavor similar to pumpkin pie. Popular examples: Dogfish Head Punkin [Seasonal], Post Road Pumpkin Ale [Seasonal], Southern Tier Pumking [Seasonal].

- Quadruple: Quads are stronger than Dubbels and Tripels. They have a much deeper and richer fruity flavor, with a much more malt-based flavor. There is usually very little hop flavor. Alcohol tends to be in excess of 10.0% ABV. Popular examples: Ommegang Three Philosophers, St. Bernardus Abt 12, Weyerbacher Quad.

- Rauchbier: Traditional German style of beer. Translates to "Smoke Beer." The malts are smoked over beechwood and are used to make a myriad of different styles of beer, from Lagers to Wheat Ales. The smoky malts can often impart a meaty, smoky flavor. Popular examples: Aecht Schlenkerla Rauchbier Urbock, Aecht Schlenkerla Weizen, Fort Collins Z Lager.

- Russian Imperial Stout: Designed in the 1800's to impress the Russian Czar. These are the biggest of all stouts. Huge malt characteristics with lots of roasted and burnt malt flavors. Typically high in alcohol and can be heavily hopped. Popular examples: Brooklyn Black Chocolate Stout [Seasonal], North Coast Old Rasputin Russian Imperial Stout, Victory Storm King.

- Rye Beer: A more American version of the German Roggenbier. Contain a large amount of rye. Moderate bitterness that allows the spicy and often sour rye characteristics to come through. Popular examples: Dieu du Ciel Route des Épices, Ithaca Old Habit, Lake Placid Honey Rye.

- Sahti: A farmhouse ale traditionally of Finnish origin. Cloudy and unfiltered, similar to a Hefeweizen, with a good amount of sediment still remaining. Very lightly hopped with the balance of the flavor coming from the addition of juniper twigs. Popular examples: Dogfish Head Sah'tea [Seasonal].

- Saison: Very highly carbonated and light in body. Have dry and fruity flavors along with some sour ester notes. Many are spiced and rather citrusy. Very dry. Popular examples: Ommegang Hennepin, Saison Dupont, The Bruery Saison Rue.

- Scotch Ale: Also known as Wee Heavys. Deep red in color usually with a heavy caramel and malt flavor. Very smooth and full-bodied. Popular examples: Belhaven Wee Heavy, Orkney Skull Splitter, Rohrbach Scotch Ale.

- Scottish Ale: Differ from the Scotch Ales in that they are often smoky from the malts being smoked over peat. Can be lightly floral and sometimes fruity. Popular examples: Belhaven Scottish Ale, Erie Brewing Railbender Ale, Oskar Blues Old Chub.

- Scottish Gruit: Brewed in the ancient tradition using ingredients that were commonly used in the past. These ingredients can include heather, elderberries, sahti, and seaweed. Popular examples: Heather Ales Alba, Heather Ales Ebulum, Heather Ales Fraoch, Heather Ales Kelpie.

- Schwarzbier: German black lagers. Dark black to brown. Medium-bodied with a mild roasted flavor. Slightly fruity and sweet. Popular examples: Köstritzer Schwarzbier, Sam Adams Black Lager, Saranac Black Forest, Xingu.

- Smoked Beer: Differ from traditional German Rauchbiers in that the smoke flavor is present and robust but not overpowering. The smoked meat taste often is either subdued or not present. Popular examples: Rogue Smoke [Seasonal], Weyerbacher Fireside Ale [Seasonal].

- Tripel: Abbey Tripels are a strong, yeasty beer. Lighter in color than Dubbels, they are more dry and spicy in flavor. They will have a more noticable hop flavor in them, along with a dry finish and a higher alcohol content. Typically run between 8.0% and 10.0% ABV. Popular examples: Chimay White, Tripel Karmeliet, Unibroue La Fin Du Monde, Victory Golden Monkey.

- Vienna: Produced in Vienna, Austria. They are very similar to Oktoberfests. Medium-bodied with a nice malty flavor. Popular examples: Dos Equis XX Ambar, Great Lakes Eliot Ness, Sam Adams Boston Lager.

- Weizenbock: Strong and dark wheat beers. Higher ester profile and a stronger malt base than with other wheat beers. Popular examples: Schneider Aventinus, Great Lakes Glockenspiel [Seasonal], Victory Moonglow [Seasonal].

- Wheatwine: Almost identical to Barley Wines but have at least 50% wheat malt added. The wheat adds a nice and soft mouthfeel. High in alcohol. Popular examples: Smuttynose Wheat Wine [Seasonal].

- Witbier: Witbiers are light, wheat based beers. Light in body and usually very carbonated, the bitterness of the wheat is countered by yeast and hints of orange peel. Popular examples: Blue Moon, Hoegaarden, Ommegang Witte, Unibroue Blanche de Chambly.

- Winter Warmer: Typically a winter seasonal. Usually ruby red to dark brown in color. Big malt flavors with very low bitterness. Can often be spiced. Popular examples: Avery Old Jubilation [Seasonal], Great Lakes Christmas Ale [Seasonal], Samuel Smith's Winter Welcome [Seasonal].